Located on the banks of the Nile River, Cairo is Africa's largest city, as well as the largest city in the Arab world. In the course of its thousand-year history it has been the capital of the great Egyptian dynasties of the Middle Ages, a British colonial enclave, and a modern industrialized city. Today it is a teeming, vibrant national capital with one of the world's highest population densities per square mile. It dominates Egypt politically, economically, and culturally and remains a prime tourist destination
Cairo is connected by highway with all other major cities in Egypt. The Desert Road links Cairo and Alexandria; there are main roads connecting Cairo with Ismailiyyah and Luxor. In addition, there is the Red Sea Highway.
Bus and Railroad Service
Rail service is available between Cairo and all areas of the Nile River Valley. An air-conditioned nonstop express train, the turbino, makes three trips daily between Cairo and Alexandria. Cairo's main railway station is located at Maydan Ramsis. Several bus companies offer inter-city bus service between Cairo and Alexandria, the Nile Valley,
the Red Sea, Sinai Peninsula, the Suez Canal, and other destinations. There is nonstop bus service between Cairo and Alexandria, and buses run between Cairo and all major towns.
Cairo International Airport, an important connecting point between Europe, Asia, and Africa, offers regular service by most major airlines. EgyptAir offers both domestic flights to Luxor, Aswan, and Hurghada and international service.
The best ways to get around Cairo are by metro train or taxi.
Cairo's Metro system is by far the most efficient way to get around. There are three lines that converge in the centre of the city, and trains carry passengers to attractions like the Egyptian Museum and those found in Coptic Cairo. Trains run every day from around 5 to 1 a.m. One-way tickets cost about 1 Egyptian pound (around $0.11) each and can be purchased at ticket booths located in each station.
Cairo contains two breeds of taxis. Older unofficial cabs (known as "black-and-whites") are the cheapest, but these vehicles don't charge fares based on a meter, so you'll have to negotiate the cost with the driver before setting out. Another option is to use the yellow or white cabs, which do use meters and have starting base fares of 3.50 Egyptian pounds (or less than $0.50). Some yellow and white cab drivers may try to overcharge so to avoid incurring unexpected fees, always come prepared with extra cash.
*Population 99 Million (2018 est.) Cairo - 10 Million
Currency Egyptian pounds
Official Language Arabic
Calling Code +20
Time Zone EET (GMT +2)
Capital City Cairo
Climate Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
*Correct as of March 2017