About Egypt

Located on the banks of the Nile River, Cairo is Africa's largest city, as well as the largest city in the Arab world. In the course of its thousand-year history it has been the capital of the great Egyptian dynasties of the Middle Ages, a British colonial enclave, and a modern industrialized city. Today it is a teeming, vibrant national capital with one of the world's highest population densities per square mile. It dominates Egypt politically, economically, and culturally and remains a prime tourist destination.


Getting There

Highways

Cairo is connected by highway with all other major cities in Egypt. The Desert Road links Cairo and Alexandria; there are main roads connecting Cairo with Ismailiyyah and Luxor. In addition, there is the Red Sea Highway.

Bus and Railroad Service

Rail service is available between Cairo and all areas of the Nile River Valley. An air-conditioned nonstop express train, the turbino, makes three trips daily between Cairo and Alexandria. Cairo's main railway station is located at Maydan Ramsis. Several bus companies offer inter-city bus service between Cairo and Alexandria, the Nile Valley,
the Red Sea, Sinai Peninsula, the Suez Canal, and other destinations. There is nonstop bus service between Cairo and Alexandria, and buses run between Cairo and all major towns.

Airports

Cairo International Airport, an important connecting point between Europe, Asia, and Africa, offers regular service by most major airlines. EgyptAir offers both domestic flights to Luxor, Aswan, and Hurghada and international service.


Getting Around

The best ways to get around Cairo are by metro train or taxi.

Metro

Cairo's Metro system is by far the most efficient way to get around. There are three lines that converge in the centre of the city, and trains carry passengers to attractions like the Egyptian Museum and those found in Coptic Cairo. Trains run every day from around 5 to 1 a.m. One-way tickets cost about 1 Egyptian pound (around $0.11) each and can be purchased at ticket booths located in each station.

Taxi

Cairo contains two breeds of taxis. Older unofficial cabs (known as "black-and-whites") are the cheapest, but these vehicles don't charge fares based on a meter, so you'll have to negotiate the cost with the driver before setting out. Another option is to use the yellow or white cabs, which do use meters and have starting base fares of 3.50 Egyptian pounds (or less than $0.50). Some yellow and white cab drivers may try to overcharge so to avoid incurring unexpected fees, always come prepared with extra cash. 


Facts and Figures

*Population                                   87 Million (2015 est.) Cairo - 9.12 Million

Currency                                       Egyptian pounds

Official Language                        Arabic

Calling Code                                +20

Time Zone                                     EET (GMT +2)

Capital City                                  Cairo

Climate                                          Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters

 

*Correct as of March 2017