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Located on the banks of the Nile River, Cairo is Africa's largest city, as well as the largest city in the Arab world. In the course of its thousand-year history it has been the capital of the great Egyptian dynasties of the Middle Ages, a British colonial enclave, and a modern industrialized city. Today it is a teeming, vibrant national capital with one of the world's highest population densities per square mile. It dominates Egypt politically, economically, and culturally and remains a prime tourist destination.
The best ways to get around Cairo are by metro train or taxi.
Cairo's Metro system is by far the most efficient way to get around. There are three lines that converge in the centre of the city, and trains carry passengers to attractions like the Egyptian Museum and those found in Coptic Cairo. Trains run every day from around 5 to 1 a.m. One-way tickets cost about 1 Egyptian pound (around $0.11) each and can be purchased at ticket booths located in each station.
Cairo contains two breeds of taxis. Older unofficial cabs (known as "black-and-whites") are the cheapest, but these vehicles don't charge fares based on a meter, so you'll have to negotiate the cost with the driver before setting out. Another option is to use the yellow or white cabs, which do use meters and have starting base fares of 3.50 Egyptian pounds (or less than $0.50). Some yellow and white cab drivers may try to overcharge so to avoid incurring unexpected fees, always come prepared with extra cash.
*Population 87 Million (2015 est.) Cairo - 9.12 Million
Currency Egyptian pounds
Official Language Arabic
Calling Code +20
Time Zone EET (GMT +2)
Capital City Cairo
Climate Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
*Correct as of March 2017